Category Archives: Scientists

Download e-book for iPad: The pleasure of finding things out by Carlo Cercignani

By Carlo Cercignani

ISBN-10: 0198501544

ISBN-13: 9780198501541

Ludwig Boltzmann arguably performed the foremost position in constructing that submicroscopic constructions underlie the normal international. He had a huge impression on past due 19th-century and early 20th-century physics, and he expected many modern principles, together with Kuhn's concept of medical revolutions and up to date theories of information in keeping with Darwinian rules. This e-book is the 1st obtainable biography of this crucial determine. with out hoping on equations, it offers a deep examine the complete diversity of his clinical and philosophical rules, discussing either their unique context and their relevance at the present time. The booklet additionally supplies a concise portrait of Boltzmann's existence, which, regardless of his successes, ended tragically in suicide. Drawing on fresh examine with regards to a few of Boltzmann's extra debatable rules, this publication bargains interesting insights into the beginning of contemporary physics.

Show description

Continue reading

Download PDF by Ted Davis, Roger H. Stuerwer, Rutherford Aris: Springs of Scientific Creativity: Essays on Founders of

By Ted Davis, Roger H. Stuerwer, Rutherford Aris

ISBN-10: 0816610878

ISBN-13: 9780816610877

Greater than the former model via having right information regarding the editors. the former model omits the 1st editor Rutherford Aris and accordingly isn't discovered if searched via this identify. If the knowledge in regards to the past model is corrected, this you can be got rid of

Show description

Continue reading

Download e-book for iPad: The Rescue and Achievement of Refugee Scholars: The Story of by N. Bentwich

By N. Bentwich

ISBN-10: 9024703050

ISBN-13: 9789024703050

ISBN-10: 9401177481

ISBN-13: 9789401177481

This little booklet has been written on the advice of the Society for the security of technology and studying. That physique used to be the successor of the tutorial counsel Council which used to be shaped in 1933 by way of heads of British Universities and discovered Societies to aid students and scientists and investigators "who, on grounds of faith, political opinion or race, have been not able to carryon their paintings of their personal country". They have been, on the time of the formation of the Society, quite, yet now not solely, refugees from Nazi oppression, and disadvantaged in their educational posts on this type of grounds. yet they quickly embraced refugees from different tyrannies. The British instance was once through related efforts in lots of nations. The nationwide and foreign attempt, initiated in 1933 on behalf of educational freedom, continues to be faraway from accomplished. For the persecution of loose suggestion and learn has turn into a virus in poor health of our time, and demands a continuing job of the unfastened Universities. the key job, besides the fact that, of saving for technological know-how and student­ send the sufferers of Nazi persecution has been finished, and lots of the educational societies which have been shaped within the Thirties to soak up the problem were dissolved. it kind of feels opportune then to put on list this attempt of cultural soli­ darity for the displaced students, and the contribution which has been made to the world's highbrow lifestyles by means of those that have been rescued.

Show description

Continue reading

Read e-book online Chandra: a biography of S. Chandrasekhar PDF

By Kameshwar C. Wali

ISBN-10: 0226870553

ISBN-13: 9780226870557

Chandra is an intimate portrait of a hugely inner most and tremendous guy, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, a Nobel laureate in physics who has been a huge contributor to the theories of white dwarfs and black holes. "Wali has given us an impressive portrait of Chandra, vigorous and colour, with a deep knowing of the 3 cultures—Indian, British, and American—in which Chandra used to be successively immersed. . . . I want I had the task of reviewing this publication for the manhattan occasions instead of for Physics at the present time . If the e-book is just learn via physicists, then Wali's dedicated labors have been in vain."—Freeman Dyson, Physics at the present time "An mesmerizing human document."—William McCrea, occasions better schooling complement "A dramatic, exuberant biography of 1 of the century's nice scientists."— Publishers Weekly >

Show description

Continue reading

Download e-book for kindle: Leonardo da Vinci: Notebooks by Leonardo Da Vinci, Jean Paul Richter

By Leonardo Da Vinci, Jean Paul Richter

ISBN-10: 0191559504

ISBN-13: 9780191559501

ISBN-10: 0199299021

ISBN-13: 9780199299027

So much of what we all know approximately Leonardo da Vinci, we all know as a result of his notebooks. a few 6,000 sheets of notes and drawings continue to exist, probably one-fifth of what he truly produced. With an artist's eye and a scientist's interest, he recorded in those pages his observations at the flow of water and the formation of rocks, the character of flight and optics, anatomy, structure, sculpture, and portray. He jotted down fables, epigrams, and letters and built his trust within the elegant cohesion of nature and guy. via his notebooks we will be able to get an perception into Leonardo's techniques, and his method of paintings and lifestyles. this option, prepared in seven themed sections, deals a desirable and informative pattern of his writings. totally up-to-date, this new version contains a few 70 line drawings and a Preface by means of Martin Kemp, one of many world's major professionals on Leonardo, who explores the artist's genius and the contents and legacy of his manuscripts. The e-book additionally positive aspects new notes and a chronology of Leonardo's life.

About the Series: For over a hundred years Oxford World's Classics has made to be had the broadest spectrum of literature from worldwide. each one cheap quantity displays Oxford's dedication to scholarship, offering the main exact textual content plus a wealth of alternative helpful good points, together with specialist introductions through major experts, voluminous notes to explain the textual content, updated bibliographies for additional research, and masses extra

Show description

Continue reading

Download e-book for iPad: The Tangled Field : Barbara McClintock's Search for the by Nathaniel C. Comfort

By Nathaniel C. Comfort

ISBN-10: 0674004566

ISBN-13: 9780674004566

ISBN-10: 0674011082

ISBN-13: 9780674011083

This biographical research illuminates essentially the most vital but misunderstood figures within the historical past of technological know-how. Barbara McClintock (1902-1992), a geneticist who built-in classical genetics with microscopic observations of the habit of chromosomes, was once considered as a genius and as an unorthodox, approximately incomprehensible philosopher. In 1946, she came across cellular genetic components, which she known as "controlling elements." Thirty-seven years later, she gained a Nobel Prize for this paintings, changing into the 3rd lady to obtain an unshared Nobel in technological know-how. given that then, McClintock has turn into a logo of female medical considering and the tragedy of narrow-mindedness and bias in technological know-how. utilizing McClintock's learn notes, newly on hand correspondence, and dozens of interviews with McClintock and others, convenience argues that McClintock's paintings used to be neither overlooked within the Nineteen Fifties nor absolutely approved 20 years later. Nor used to be McClintock marginalized through scientists; during the a long time of her alleged rejection, she remained a distinctive determine in her box. convenience replaces the "McClintock delusion" with a brand new tale, wealthy with implications for our realizing of girls in technology and clinical creativity. (20010601)

Show description

Continue reading

Download e-book for iPad: The Subjectivity of Scientists and the Bayesian Approach by S. James Press;Judith M. Tanur

By S. James Press;Judith M. Tanur

ISBN-10: 0471396850

ISBN-13: 9780471396857

ISBN-10: 1118150627

ISBN-13: 9781118150627

ISBN-10: 1118150635

ISBN-13: 9781118150634

Evaluating and contrasting the truth of subjectivity within the paintings of history's nice scientists and the trendy Bayesian method of statistical analysis

Scientists and researchers are taught to research their info from an goal viewpoint, permitting the information to talk for themselves instead of assigning them which means according to expectancies or reviews. yet scientists have by no means behaved absolutely objectively. all through heritage, a few of our best clinical minds have depended on instinct, hunches, and private ideals to make feel of empirical data-and those subjective impacts have usually aided in humanity's maximum clinical achievements. The authors argue that subjectivity has not just performed an important function within the development of technological know-how, yet that technological know-how will strengthen extra speedily if the trendy tools of Bayesian statistical research substitute a number of the classical twentieth-century tools that experience normally been taught.
To accomplish this aim, the authors learn the lives and paintings of history's nice scientists and exhibit that even the main winning have occasionally misrepresented findings or been stimulated via their very own preconceived notions of faith, metaphysics, and the occult, or the private ideals in their mentors. opposite to well known trust, our best clinical thinkers approached their facts with a mix of subjectivity and empiricism, and hence informally accomplished what's extra officially finished through the fashionable Bayesian method of info analysis.
Yet we're nonetheless taught that technological know-how is only goal. This leading edge booklet dispels that fantasy utilizing ancient money owed and biographical sketches of greater than a dozen nice scientists, together with Aristotle, Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, William Harvey, Sir Isaac Newton, Antoine Levoisier, Alexander von Humboldt, Michael Faraday, Charles Darwin, Louis Pasteur, Gregor Mendel, Sigmund Freud, Marie Curie, Robert Millikan, Albert Einstein, Sir Cyril Burt, and Margaret Mead. additionally incorporated is an in depth remedy of the fashionable Bayesian method of info research. updated references to the Bayesian theoretical and utilized literature, in addition to reference lists of the first assets of the central works of all of the scientists mentioned, around out this accomplished therapy of the subject.
Readers will reap the benefits of this cogent and enlightening view of the heritage of subjectivity in technology and the authors' substitute imaginative and prescient of ways the Bayesian strategy can be used to additional the reason for technology and studying good into the twenty-first century.

Show description

Continue reading

Download e-book for iPad: Nobel Lectures in Physics (2006 - 2010) by Lars Brink

By Lars Brink

ISBN-10: 9814612677

ISBN-13: 9789814612678

This quantity is a set of the Nobel lectures brought via the prizewinners, including their biographies and the presentation speeches by way of Nobel Committee individuals for the interval 2006–2010. The criterion for the Physics award is to the discoverer of a actual phenomenon that modified our perspectives, or to the inventor of a brand new actual method that gave huge, immense merits to both technological know-how at huge or to the general public. The biographies are remarkably fascinating to learn and the Nobel lectures offer specified reasons of the phenomena for which the Laureates have been provided the Nobel Prize.

Aspiring younger scientists in addition to more matured ones, but additionally the public will research much from and relish the geniuses of those narrations.

checklist of prizewinners and their discoveries:

(2006) to John C Mather and George F Smoot "for their discovery of the blackbody shape and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave history radiation" The very designated observations that the Laureates have performed from the COBE satellite tv for pc have performed an incredible position within the improvement of contemporary cosmology right into a designated technology.

(2007) to Albert Fert and Peter Grünberg "for the invention of big Magnetoresistance" functions of this phenomenon have revolutionized innovations for retrieving info from demanding disks. the invention additionally performs a tremendous position in quite a few magnetic sensors in addition to for the improvement of a brand new new release of electronics. using substantial Magnetoresistance may be considered as one of many first significant functions of nanotechnology.

(2008) to Yoichiro Nambu "for the invention of the mechanism of spontaneous damaged symmetry in subatomic physics", and to Makoto Kobayashi and Toshihide Maskawa "for the invention of the beginning of the damaged symmetry which predicts the life of no less than 3 households of quarks in nature"
Why is there whatever rather than not anything? Why are there such a lot of diverse uncomplicated debris? The Laureates awarded theoretical insights that supply us a deeper knowing of what occurs a long way contained in the tiniest development blocks of topic.

(2009) to Charles Kuen Kao "for groundbreaking achievements in regards to the transmission of sunshine in fibers for optical communication", and to Willard S Boyle and George E Smith "for the discovery of an imaging semiconductor circuit — the CCD sensor"
Kao's discoveries have lead the way for optical fiber expertise, which this day is used for the majority telephony and information communique. Boyle and Smith have invented a electronic snapshot sensor — CCD, or charge-coupled gadget — which at the present time has turn into an digital eye in just about all components of images.

(2010) to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov "for groundbreaking experiments in regards to the two-dimensional fabric graphene"
The Laureates have proven skinny flake of normal carbon, only one atom thick, has unheard of homes that originate from the impressive international of quantum physics.

Readership: Physicists and scientists.

Show description

Continue reading

Download e-book for kindle: Einstein Lived Here by Abraham Pais

By Abraham Pais

ISBN-10: 0198539940

ISBN-13: 9780198539940

Few humans have understood what Einstein has stated, inspiration, and performed, yet many are hungry to understand extra approximately him. This significant other quantity to Abraham Pais's sophisticated is the Lord... enlarges at the approach Einstein was once perceived via the area at huge. His turning into the scientist of maximum renown ever is basically the results of realization via the media, because the writer has documented through delving in newspaper and journal information, from 1902 to the current. We additionally study of his perspectives on faith and on philosophy, his marital difficulties, and his contacts with personalities starting from John D. Rockefeller to Charlie Chaplin to Freud to Ghandi. Interviews with Einstein, in addition to reviews on short reviews and longer addresses via him, aid to exhibit his vibrant kind of expression in addition to his nice expertise at formula. He wrote and spoke approximately pacifism, supranationalism, civil liberties, and the rights and legal responsibility of Jews and Arabs to reside jointly harmoniously within the heart East. topics he used to be drawn to ranged from capital punishment to vegetarianism. those essays have been written from the author's precise point of view: he's a physicist and he knew Einstein for my part for a number of years. His sort is offered and nonmathematical. This ebook presents crucial information regarding Einstein the man or woman that allows you to fascinate and tell either the professional and the layman. learn more...

Show description

Continue reading