By Stuart J. Russell, Peter Norvig
A hugely available, updated specialist reference for programmers, software program engineers, approach directors, or technical managers, this publication integrates state of the art AI recommendations into clever agent designs utilizing examples and routines to steer the reader from basic reactive brokers to complete knowledge-based brokers with usual language features.
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Extra info for Artificial Intelligence: Modern Approach
The theory of NP-completeness, pioneered by Steven Cook (1971) and Richard Karp (1972), provides a method. Cook and Karp showed the existence of large classes of canonical combinatorial search and reasoning problems that are NP-complete. Any problem class to which an NP-complete problem class can be reduced is likely to be intractable. ) These results contrast sharply with the "Electronic Super-Brain" enthusiasm accompanying the advent of computers. Despite the ever-increasing speed of computers, subtlety and careful use of resources will characterize intelligent systems.
The idea was that with the ability to make millions of inferences per second, computers would be able to take advantage of vast stores of rules. The project proposed to achieve full-scale natural language understanding, among other ambitious goals. The Fifth Generation project fueled interest in AI, and by taking advantage of fears of j Japanese domination, researchers and corporations were able to generate support for a similar investment in the United States. The Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation i (MCC) was formed as a research consortium to counter the Japanese project.
It it now almost taken for granted among many psychologists that "a cognitive theory should be like a computer program" (Andersen, 1980). By this it is meant that the theory should describe cognition as consisting of well-definej transformation processes operating at the level of the information carried by the input signals. For most of the early history of AI and cognitive science, no significant distinction was drawn between the two fields, and it was common to see AI programs described as psychological 9 William James was the brother of novelist Henry James.
Artificial Intelligence: Modern Approach by Stuart J. Russell, Peter Norvig