By Stephen P. Cohen, Sunil Dasgupta
India's starting to be affluence has led specialists to foretell a huge rearmament attempt. The second-most populous kingdom on this planet is starting to wield the industrial energy anticipated of this type of behemoth. Its border with Pakistan is a tinderbox, the subcontinent continues to be susceptible to spiritual extremism, and an army contention among India and China may well erupt sooner or later. India has lengthy had the inducement for modernizing its military—it now has the assets besides. What may still we predict to determine sooner or later, and what is going to be the most likely ramifications? In Arming with out Aiming, Stephen Cohen and Sunil Dasgupta solution these the most important questions.
India's military wish new guns worthy greater than $100 billion. yet almost all these guns needs to come from overseas providers end result of the mess ups of India's indigenous study and improvement. guns providers from different countries are queuing up in New Delhi. a protracted courting among India and Russian brands is going again to the chilly conflict. extra lately, India and Israel have built robust army exchange ties. Now, a brand new army dating with the us has generated the best wish for army transformation in India.
Against this backdrop of latest affluence and newfound entry to overseas army expertise, Cohen and Dasgupta examine India's army modernization to discover haphazard army switch that lacks political path, suffers from balkanization of army association and doctrine, continues to be restricted through slim potential making plans, and is pushed by means of the pursuit of know-how unfastened from military-strategic ambitions. the nature of army switch in India, particularly the disorder within the political-military institution in regards to procurement, is finally the results of a ancient doctrine of strategic restraint in position for the reason that Nehru. In that context, its method of arming with no strategic objective is still achievable as India seeks great-power lodging of its upward thrust and doesn't are looking to glance threatening. the risk lies in its modernization efforts precipitating a interval of strategic statement or contributing to misperception of India's intentions by means of Pakistan and China, its such a lot instant rivals.
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Additional resources for Arming Without Aiming: India's Military Modernization
Public opinion polls in India as well as the actions of most Indian governments indicate that the tendency to restraint runs deep and remains the default option for most Indians. Polls evince an ambiguity about threats and offer no strong guidance to policy or strategy. 13 Terrorism, Islamic fundamentalism, and India-Pakistan tensions all rank higher on India’s list of threats than China’s development as a military power; although AIDS, avian flu, and other epidemics ranked second only to terrorism (which in the Indian context, is often equated with Pakistan).
The 2001–02 Operation Parakram, designed to bring coercive pressure on Pakistan, failed in part due to the lack of military options. In 2008 the government did not even ask the army to mobilize against Pakistan. Since then the Indian Army— and the other services—have sought ways in which to engage in brinksmanship with Pakistan without precipitating nuclear escalation. The army’s wish list of new weapons seems to rest on the notion that a sudden but limited attack against Pakistan will not precipitate a nuclear riposte.
In fact India probably lags behind Pakistan, which has received substantial assistance from North Korea and China, in developing missiles. While for twenty years DRDO has tried and failed to produce a “light combat aircraft” (the LCA), Hindustan Aeronautics, a state-run aviation firm more open to outside influence than DRDO, has designed and manufactured a relatively successful light helicopter. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the space agency, is more open and more successful than DRDO.
Arming Without Aiming: India's Military Modernization by Stephen P. Cohen, Sunil Dasgupta