By Linda S. Cordell, Kent Lightfoot, Francis McManamon, George Milner
The greatness of the US is true below our ft. the yank past—the humans, battles, and homes—can be discovered not just in libraries and museums, but additionally in hundreds and hundreds of archaeological websites that scientists examine with nice care. those websites will not be in far-off lands, obtainable merely through examine scientists, yet nearby—almost each locale possesses a parcel of land helpful of archaeological exploration. Archaeology in the US is the 1st source that gives scholars, researchers, and somebody drawn to their neighborhood heritage with a survey of an important archaeological discoveries in North the USA. top students, such a lot with an intimate wisdom of the world, have written in-depth essays on over three hundred of an important archaeological websites that specify the significance of the location, the historical past of the folks who left the artifacts, and the character of the continued research.Archaeology in the US divides it assurance into eight areas: the Arctic and Subarctic, the good Basin and Plateau, the nice Plains and Rocky Mountains, the Midwest, the Northeast, the Southeast, the Southwest, and the West Coast. each one access presents readers with an obtainable assessment of the archaeological web site in addition to books and articles for additional learn.
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Extra info for Archaeology in America 4 volumes : An Encyclopedia
These trends can be studied in many of the more specific entries on archaeological sites in this volume. EARLY WOODLAND Burial mound building became widespread in the interior Eastern Woodlands during the first millennium BC, but it did not spread deeply into the Northeast. The millennium or so that this culture lasted is sometimes referred to as the Early Woodland period. The earliest mound-building culture was Adena, which was centered in southern Ohio. Adena mound building spread only into the western margins of the Northeast.
Michael Stewart, “Environment, Analogy, and Early Paleoindian Economies in Northeastern North America,” in Early Paleoindian Economies of Eastern North America, edited by Kenneth B. Tankersley and Barry L. , “Fluted Points in the Eastern Forests,” in From Kostenki to Clovis: Problems in Late Paleolithic Adaptations, edited by O. Soffer and N. D. , A. C. Goodyear, Dan F. Morse, and K. B. , Deborah Brush Wilson, and James Bradley, “Paleoindian Occupation in the New England-Maritimes Region: Beyond Cultural Ecology,” Archaeology of Eastern North America 26 (1998): 201–264.
At this time glacial ice still covered much of Canada north of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, but the extinction of the large Ice Age mammals was nearly complete. Some of the largest Paleoindian period campsites in the Northeast were discovered in the 1950s. Two of these large sites, Shoop in Pennsylvania and Bull Brook in Massachusetts, have yielded hundreds of fluted points and other chipped stone artifacts from an early hunting culture. The earliest widespread human occupation in the southern portion of the Northeast (Pennsylvania and New York State) is recognizable by the presence of Clovis-style fluted points.
Archaeology in America 4 volumes : An Encyclopedia by Linda S. Cordell, Kent Lightfoot, Francis McManamon, George Milner