By Aubrey Manning, James Serpell
Glossy society is starting to reconsider its complete dating with animals and the flora and fauna. until eventually lately concerns akin to animal welfare and environmental security have been thought of the area of small, idealistic minorities. Now, those matters allure sizeable numbers of articulate supporters who jointly workout massive political muscle. Animals, either wild and family, shape the first concentration of outrage during this frequently acrimonious debate. but why do animals evoke such robust and contradictory feelings in humans - and do our western attitudes have whatever in universal with these of alternative societies and cultures? Bringing jointly a number contributions from distinctive specialists within the box, Animals and Society explores the significance of animals in society from social, old and cross-cultural views.
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Extra resources for Animals and Human Society: Changing Perspectives
This has been the inevitable result of industrial farming in the modern world where the vast numbers of domestic animals, required to feed the ever-increasing human population, are treated as animate vegetables, all bred to look identical and reared in rows of cages, to be harvested when required. Considering the cruelty this inflicts on the animals, it is ironic that in western societies we seem to be on a parallel course, incarcerating ourselves in batteries of small clean buildings, protected from physical threats, and with a greatly reduced perception of the living world and its other inhabitants.
Domestication has had many definitions (Bökönyi 1989). I have defined a domesticated animal as one that has been bred in captivity, for purposes of subsistence or profit, in a human community that maintains complete mastery over its breeding, organization of territory, and food supply (Clutton-Brock 1989). The exception, of course, is the cat which walks by itself (CluttonBrock 1993). During the 1960s Eric Higgs and his school of palaeoeconomists at Cambridge argued that the red deer in Europe and the gazelle in Asia were herded and selectively slaughtered.
1982; Schwabe 1986). It apparently originated before the advent of major civilizations from priests who frequently presided over the ritual dissection of bulls. The bull’s penis actually is connected to its spine by the two cord-like, white unstriated retractor penis muscles, a connection of organs early priest-sacrificers must surely have noticed. By far the greatest consequence of domestication of cattle was the contribution of yoked domestic bulls to the emergence of major Old World civilizations.
Animals and Human Society: Changing Perspectives by Aubrey Manning, James Serpell