By George F. Lau
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Additional resources for Andean Expressions: Art and Archaeology of the Recuay Culture
Denevan 2001; Flannery et al. 1989; Gade 1999; Gelles 2000; Mayer 2002; Mitchell and Guillet 1993; Zimmerer 1996). The consequences of recent climatic changes can be seen in the socioeconomic practices of contemporary agro-pastoralists in Ancash (Young and Lipton 2006). Warming has resulted in shrinking glaciers and drastically modified woodland and grassland cover in the Cordillera Blanca area, forcing year-by-year assessments and adjustments of labor input for agricultural and herding pursuits: the size of crops/herds, the types of cultigens and animals, and, where possible, the location of fields/grazing areas.
Early hunter-gatherers of the Callejón de Huaylas, the intermontane portion of the Río Santa which would become one of the prime areas of Recuay development, exploited the resources by making seasonal rounds to different ecological zones (Lynch 1980b). In this pattern of transhumance, Preceramic peoples were able to acquire important food and materials from coastal areas, the valley floor, and the puna region (Malpass 1985). , camelid herding had supplanted hunting as the main source of meat protein (Miller and Burger 1995).
At different points in time, Recuay peoples often maintained close cultural and economic ties with both the coast and neighboring highlands. Geography and environmental conditions were significant in predisposing certain forms of interregional relationships which helped to shape Recuay culture. Historical Regions Ancash became formalized as a department of Peru in 1839 by national decree, with Huaraz as the departmental capital. Different names have been recognized for the region. The most popular, Huaylas, is still often used today, frequently synonymously with Ancash.
Andean Expressions: Art and Archaeology of the Recuay Culture by George F. Lau