By Thomas R. Martin
Publish yr note: First released in 1996 (first edition)
In this compact but accomplished historical past of historic Greece, Thomas R. Martin brings alive Greek civilization from its Stone Age roots to the fourth century B.C. concentrating on the improvement of the Greek city-state and the society, tradition, and structure of Athens in its Golden Age, Martin integrates political, army, social, and cultural background in a e-book that would entice scholars and normal readers alike.
Now in its second edition, this vintage paintings now beneficial properties new maps and illustrations, a brand new advent, and updates all through.
"A limpidly written, hugely obtainable, and entire historical past of Greece and its civilizations from prehistory during the cave in of Alexander the Great's empire. . . . A hugely readable account of historic Greece, really beneficial as an introductory or assessment textual content for the coed or the overall reader."-Kirkus Reviews
"A polished and informative paintings that would be helpful for common readers and students."- Daniel Tompkins, Temple collage
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Extra info for Ancient Greece: From Prehistoric to Hellenistic Times (2nd Edition)
The most controversial interpretation of the signiﬁcance of the early Indo-Europeans argues that they invaded Europe in waves and imposed patriarchal, hierarchical, and violent values on the peoples they found there. On this hypothesis, the indigenous populations of prehistoric Europe had been generally egalitarian, peaceful, and matrifocal (centered on women as mothers), and the Indo-European invasions destroyed these qualities. This argument further asserts that these earlier Europeans had originally worshipped female gods as their principal divinities, but the Indo-Europeans forcibly degraded these goddesses in favor of their male deities, such as Zeus, the king of the gods for the Greeks.
Domesticated sheep and goats had become widespread throughout the Near East and southern Europe, including Greece, by about 7000. In this early stage of domestication, small herds kept close to home were the rule. They could therefore be tended by men, women, and children alike. The production, instead of just the gathering, of food laid the foundation for other changes that we take for granted today. c. Permanent communities of farmers, comprising a built environment with a densely settled population, constituted a new stage in human history.
These Neolithic farming families originally lived in small settlements nestled close to fertile agricultural land, like their contemporaries elsewhere in Europe. , however, the new technological developments in metallurgy and agriculture began to affect society on Crete dramatically. By about 2200 or somewhat later, huge many-chambered buildings (the so-called palaces) began to appear on Crete, usually near but not on the coast. The palaces were multistoried and sprawling, their walls decorated with colorful paintings of ships on the sea, leaping dolphins, and gorgeous women.
Ancient Greece: From Prehistoric to Hellenistic Times (2nd Edition) by Thomas R. Martin