By David Samuels
This ebook explores the translation of politicians' occupation objectives. participants search to win repeated reelection, within the U.S. condominium of Representatives and political scientists have assumed that reelection motivates politicians in all places. notwithstanding, politicians in Brazil see the nationwide legislature as a stepping-stone to "higher" place of work, in nation and/or neighborhood govt. Making the fitting assumption approximately politicians' occupation targets leads to a greater realizing of the political techniques. This booklet improves on prior "rational selection" analyses by means of getting to know political occupation targets and exploring real-world implications.
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Extra info for Ambition, Federalism, and Legislative Politics in Brazil
The sum of the beneﬁts, costs, and probabilities points to the conclusion that a Chamber seat is but a middling position on the Brazilian career ladder. In subsequent chapters, I provide a wealth of empirical support for this claim. Before presenting this data, in the next section I provide an argument as to why Brazil has this hierarchy of ofﬁces, by describing both macro- and microlevel structures that generate incentives for politicians to desire a position in state or municipal government over a career in the Chamber.
State secretaries run entire state-government departments. In some states, these departments have larger budgets and more power to hire and ﬁre than some national ministries. $5,800/month. A few state ofﬁcials, such as lawyers for state-government corporations, earn much more, but these positions are not typically held by career politicians (OESP 4/17/96, p. 6). Ambition Theory and Political Careers 21 state-government public works projects, state secretaries also receive substantial media attention.
14 Each factor is sensitive to a number of other variables. For example, the relative probabilities of reaching each ofﬁce depends on the number of candidates, the number of ofﬁces at stake, as well as individual attributes of each candidate. I describe these factors in the following text. The concept of an “opportunity structure” is simple, useful, and sufﬁciently broad for comparative research. S. House of Representatives. , see Smith 1979 on Mexico and Carey 1996 on Costa Rica), or on national-level legislative careers that are highly inﬂuenced by national-party 14 Rohde (1979) argues that whether politicians are risk averse or risk taking also affects the opportunity structure, but for simplicity’s sake I do not discuss this issue.
Ambition, Federalism, and Legislative Politics in Brazil by David Samuels