By Olga Oliker, Richard Kauzlarich, James Dobbins, Kurt W. Basseuner, Donald L. Sampler
An review of humantarian-assistance efforts through the interplay among civilian and army companies within the early stages of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan.
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Additional resources for Aid During Conflicts: Interaction Between Military and Civilian Assistance Providers in Afghanistan
34 Aid During Conflict sanctions, in creating a Taliban backlash against the UN system (and even NGOs), exacerbated the difficult position of humanitarian assistance providers. Nongovernmental Organizations The activities of NGOs in pre-9/11 Afghanistan influenced donor government attitudes toward Afghanistan because of the general lack of diplomatic presence in Kabul. In the early post-Soviet days, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) was the only humanitarian organization operating in Afghanistan.
Finally, armed forces tended to treat UNHCR as a single ____________ 21 Different KFOR sectors (and contingents) carried their own reputations for provision of public security, relations with civilian humanitarian aid organizations, and general professionalism. According to feedback from internationals and locals in Kosovo, the British forces seemed best able to balance the full spectrum of these roles. See Minear, Sommers, and van Baarda, p. 30. , pp. 22–24. , p. 17. , p. 15. 25 Ibid. , p. 30.
NGOs and donors faced a dilemma: They had to either suspend their programs as a matter of principle or compromise on issues relating to access of women to programs, services, and employment. In the end, only two agencies—the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and Save the Children—suspended their programs; the rest sought varying degrees of accommodation with the Taliban. Since the Taliban seemed indifferent to whether or not agencies continued to operate in Afghanistan, the NGOs and IOs had little leverage to force Taliban officials to change their opposition to agencies’ employment of female staff and programs directed at female beneficiaries.
Aid During Conflicts: Interaction Between Military and Civilian Assistance Providers in Afghanistan by Olga Oliker, Richard Kauzlarich, James Dobbins, Kurt W. Basseuner, Donald L. Sampler