By Sacha C. Jones, Brian A. Stewart
Bringing jointly archaeological, paleoenvironmental, paleontological and genetic info, this publication makes a primary try and reconstruct African inhabitants histories from out species' evolution to the Holocene. Africa in the course of Marine Isotope levels (MIS) 6 to two (~190-12,000 years in the past) witnessed the organic improvement and behavioral florescence of our species. glossy human inhabitants dynamics, which concerned a number of inhabitants expansions, dispersals, contractions and extinctions, performed a critical function in our species’ evolutionary trajectory. to date, the demographic strategies – sleek human inhabitants sizes, distributions and activities – that happened inside Africa in this serious interval were regularly under-addressed.
The authors of this quantity objective at (1) interpreting the effect of this glacial-interglacial- glacial cycle on human crew sizes, routine and distributions all through Africa; (2) investigating the macro- and micro-evolutionary methods underpinning our species’ anatomical and behavioral evolution; and (3) atmosphere an time table wherein Africa can take advantage of, and finally give a contribution to, the more and more refined theoretical and methodological palaeodemographic frameworks constructed on different continents.
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Additional info for Africa from MIS 6-2: Population Dynamics and Paleoenvironments
Turnbull, C. M. (1961). The forest people. New York: Simon & Schuster. UNCCD, UNDP & UNEP (2009). Climate change in the African drylands: Options and opportunities for adaptation and mitigation. New York, Bonn, Nairobi: UNCCD, UNDP & UNEP. van Andel, T. H. (1989). Late Pleistocene sea levels and the human exploitation of the shore and shelf of southern South Africa. Journal of Field Archaeology, 16(2), 133–155. van Noten, F. L. ). (1982). The archaeology of central Africa. Graz: Akademische Druck-und-Verlagsanstalt.
For example, at Cape Agulhas there was seemingly a shift from a rocky shore to a sandy shore setting within MIS 5e (Carr et al. 2010a). While at Pinnacle Point, which is presently rocky headland, the archaeological record contains evidence of eolian dune formation during MIS 5, which in-ﬁlled and sealed caves (Marean 2010). These dunes would undoubtedly have required a sandy beach as a sediment source; implying wave energy was less focused on this section of coast, allowing beach, and dune formation.
2011). Age ranges for eolian sediments within Blombos Cave (Jacobs et al. 2003), Pinnacle Point Cave 13b and Crevice Cave (Bar-Matthews et al. 2010; Jacobs 2010) are marked (shaded boxes). Inset The timing and magnitude of the southern Cape MIS 5e sea level highstand (Carr et al. 2010a; Roberts et al. ’s (2002) curve Holocene ones (Deacon 1995) implying that the site was most likely occupied not long after MIS 5e – probably *110 ka (Deacon 1995). More recent quartz OSL and feldspar IRSL ages of 110–115 ka (UW282) for the LBS in Cave 1 support this notion (Feathers 2002).
Africa from MIS 6-2: Population Dynamics and Paleoenvironments by Sacha C. Jones, Brian A. Stewart