By Sareen S. Gropper, Jack L. Smith, Timothy P. Carr
Present, finished, and designed to maximise readability of crucial options, longtime best-seller complex meals AND HUMAN METABOLISM gives you its signature caliber content material in a student-friendly manner. The seventh variation maintains to set the traditional throughout the authors' skill to obviously and safely clarify even the main advanced metabolic approaches and ideas, whereas staying at an undergraduate point. It supplies scholars a superior realizing of digestion, absorption, and metabolism of fats, protein, and carbohydrates; examines the constructions and capabilities of water-soluble and fat-soluble supplements -- together with their regulatory roles in metabolism; and offers details on diet and mineral nutrition resources, prompt intakes, deficiency, and toxicity. With complex food AND HUMAN METABOLISM, seventh version, scholars can be organized to proceed their reviews within the box of foodstuff.
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Extra info for Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism
The gene segments that get both transcribed and translated into the protein product, called exons (expressed sequences), require no posttranscriptional processing. Translation Translation is the process by which genetic information in an mRNA molecule specifies the sequence of amino acids in the protein product. 4). On the ribosomes, the transcribed genetic code is used to bring amino acids into a specific sequence that produces a protein with a clearly delineated function. The genetic code for specifying the amino acid sequence of a protein resides in the mRNA in the form of three-base sequences called codons.
Other enzymes in the peroxisomes are important in detoxifying reactions. Particularly important is the oxidation of ethanol to acetaldehyde. Cellular Proteins Proteins synthesized on the cell’s free polyribosomes remain within the cell to perform their specific structural, digestive, regulatory, or other functions. Among the more interesting areas of biomolecular research has been determining how newly synthesized protein finds its way from the ribosomes to its intended destination. At the time of synthesis, signal sequences direct proteins to their appropriate target compartment.
Amino acids are first activated by ATP at their carboxyl end and then transferred to their specific tRNAs that bear the anticodon complementary to each amino acid’s codon. For example, because codons that code for leucine are sequenced CUU, CUC, CUA, or CUG, the only tRNAs to which an activated leucine can be attached would need to have the anticodon sequence GAA, GAG, GAU, or GAC. The tRNAs then bring the amino acids to the mRNA situated at the protein synthesis site on the ribosomes. 8). Elongation extends the polypeptide chain of the protein product by translation.
Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism by Sareen S. Gropper, Jack L. Smith, Timothy P. Carr