By Attracta Ingram
Rights are uncomplicated development blocks of the modern country, but their rigorous justification is tough. This publication presents an intensive research of this principal subject, and demanding situations the orthodox view that rights are a kind of estate declare in one's physique. Drawing at the culture of the social agreement in addition to the wealth of modern paintings in political idea, Ingram conceives of rights as a kind of political declare, and exhibits how they are often justified in a fashion quite fitted to the pluralistic nature of latest liberal society.
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Extra resources for A Political Theory of Rights
Can we have a sense of individual self-command, no less powerful than that offered by self-ownership, but more in keeping with egalitarian intuitions? The developed answer to these questions is lengthy and complicated. But it may be useful at this point to indicate the heuristic idea I am operating. This is that the kind of power we need in order to be in control of our own lives is political rather than proprietary. So our rights should be constructed as political rather than proprietary powers.
As God's property, we can neither alienate ourselves nor be rightfully taken by others as their own property. But while our enjoyment of our lives may be at God's will, we do nevertheless have full rights to be in possession of our bodies and to their exclusive use and beneﬁt. 69 So the split of ownership rights between God and creature does not provide any case for a split of self-ownership rights between you and me. , sect. 6, p. 311. For an illuminating discussion of God as maker in Locke's political philosophy see Tully, A Discourse on Property, ch.
The Founders' Constitution, i. 598. The identiﬁcation of rights with property (and with being one's own master) is common enough to appear without critical comment in Kant's The Metaphysical Elements of Justice, 43 f. ’, 83. 41 See Nozick, Anarchy, State, and Utopia, in the light of the interpretation advanced by Cohen, ‘Nozick on Appropriation’. See also Steiner, An Essay on Rights. 42 Judith Jarvis Thomson, The Realm of Rights, 225–6. 43 That is the sense I want to develop in this book. It ﬁts intuitively with the idea of autonomy, which is now the favoured way of talking about self-command.
A Political Theory of Rights by Attracta Ingram