By Melissa S. Lane, Martin A. Ruehl
The poet Stefan George (1868-1933) used to be probably the most vital cultural figures in smooth Germany. His poetry, in its originality and influence, has been ranked with that of Goethe, HÃ¶lderlin, or Rilke. but George's achieve prolonged some distance past the field of literature. in the course of his final 3 many years, he attracted a circle of disciples who subscribed to his homoerotic and aestheticist imaginative and prescient of lifestyles and sought to remodel it into truth. The works and considered the circle profoundly affected the highbrow and cultural attitudes of Germany's trained center classification from the start of the 20th century, and are hence the most important to Germany's cultural and highbrow heritage. The transition from the aestheticist, cosmopolitan values the circle embraced within the early 1900s to the extra explicitly political and patriotic perspectives a lot of its participants espoused in the course of the Weimar Republic either conditioned and mirrored a momentous transformation in German suggestion. The intersection of tradition and politics within the George Circle has bought little consciousness in English-language scholarship formerly. This quantity contains contributions from significant students in either English- and German-speaking international locations. Its viewers contains students and scholars of German languages and literature, German heritage, and reception of the classics, between different fields. members: Adam Bisno, Richard Faber, RÃ¼diger GÃ¶rner, Peter Hoffmann, Thomas Karlauf, Melissa S. Lane, Robert E. Lerner, David Midgley, Robert E. Norton, Ray Ockenden, Ute Oelmann, Martin A. Ruehl, Bertram Schefold.
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Extra resources for A Poet's Reich: Politics and Culture in the George Circle
They were encouraged to express their adoration of the Master “mit kranz und reigen,” arguably a metaphor for poetry. The cultic community that had gathered around George convened in the houses of various disciples and associates, notably those of Lepsius, Bondi, and Wolfskehl, where they performed highly ritualized readings of poetry. Although this created a strong sense of community and cemented the stratified and hieratic structures of the Circle, something was still missing. That the George Circle eventually left such a deep mark in the intellectual history of twentiethcentury Germany was only made possible by a further transformation that took place in the second half of the 1900s.
The Circle also associated the Stauffenberg brothers with the Hohenstaufen dynasty of the Middle Ages. See Peter Hoffmann, Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg und seine Brüder (Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1992), 52 and 61. 33 Stefan Breuer, Ästhetischer Fundamentalismus: Stefan George und der deutsche Antimodernismus (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1995), 73–77, notes that George, unlike most of his disciples, condemned the First World War from the start and saw nothing regenerative or redemptive in it.
Members of different subcircles often did not know each other, or knew each other by name only. It was not until 1919 that several of the smaller circles and individual associates of George came together in Heidelberg. Wolfskehl’s description of the Circle as a single, organically grown entity arguably applied to the Gesellschaft der Blätter für die Kunst, but it failed to capture the structure of the George Circle, which from 1910 onwards existed largely as a virtual community. 16 George’s affiliation, since 1905, with Friedrich Wolters, Berthold Vallentin, Kurt Hildebrandt and their Niederschönhausen Circle decisively shaped the public image of the George Circle as well as its future development.
A Poet's Reich: Politics and Culture in the George Circle by Melissa S. Lane, Martin A. Ruehl