By Robert J. Alexander
Bolivia used to be the guts level for essentially the most vital Latin American social revolutions of the 20 th century, person who happened amid a sea of large political instability. the growth of geared up hard work that happened through the Nineteen Twenties used to be met with a number of govt reprisals and used to be principally curbed via the Chaco struggle with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being forced to function illegally, the hard work flow came across help in different political events, the main profitable of which used to be the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the impressive upheavals which punctuated Bolivian background throughout the 20th century, Alexander lines the relative successes of Bolivia's exertions unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the eye-catching background of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Bolivia was once the heart degree for probably the most vital Latin American social revolutions of the 20 th century, person who happened amid a sea of large political instability. the growth of prepared exertions that happened throughout the Nineteen Twenties was once met with a variety of govt reprisals and used to be mostly curbed by way of the Chaco conflict with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being forced to function illegally, the exertions circulate discovered help in different political events, the main profitable of which was once the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the impressive upheavals which punctuated Bolivian background in the course of the 20th century, Alexander lines the relative successes of Bolivia's hard work unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the pleasing heritage of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Alexander explains how the hard work circulation developed within the framework of numerous political alterations, together with: the short presidency of significant Gualberto Villarroel which started in December 1943 and lasted purely and a part years; the Bolivian nationwide Revolution which started on April nine, 1952; the onset of agrarian reform in 1952; the overthrow of the progressive regime in November 1964
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Extra resources for A History of Organized Labor in Bolivia
99. Interview with Tristan Marof, op. , May 26, 1947. 100. Interview with Aurelio Alcoba, member of Executive Committee of Confederacion Sindical de Trabajadores de Bolivia, in La Paz, May 2 9 , 1947. 101. Gonzales, op. c i t , page 9 1 . 102. Lora, 1970, op. c i t , page 3 1 5 . 2 Unionism from the Chaco War to the Bolivian National Revolution The functioning of the Bolivian labor movement was largely suspended during the two and a half years of the Chaco War. However, once the conflict was over, organized labor recuperated very rapidly.
However, t h e PIR nominated Arze, a n d to everyone's surprise, including the PIRistas, he carried a n u m b e r of the biggest working-class centers, including Cochabamba, Oruro, a n d Potosi. 000. 4 That showing converted the PIR for a time into the most important opposition party. The Partido Obrero Revolucionario w a s established in exile by those who had left Bolivia during the Chaco War. In the Argentine city of Cordoba w a s formed a group t h a t called itself the Grupo Obrero Tupac Amaru, among whose leaders were Tristan Marof (Gustavo Navarro), Luis Penaloza (later to be head of the Banco Minero u n d e r President Villarroel), a n d Alipio Valencia.
In part, it reflected the modest electoral success t h a t those parties h a d achieved. Among the people attending were Ricardo Soruco, a member of t h e Chamber of Deputies elected largely through the efforts of the railroad workers; Augusto Varela, altern a t e deputy for La Paz a n d secretary general of the Socialist Party in t h a t city; and Ricardo Perales, alternate deputy for Oruro a n d secretary-general of the Socialist Party in t h a t city. This effort to unite all of the country's Socialist parties w a s not successful.
A History of Organized Labor in Bolivia by Robert J. Alexander