Read e-book online A Distant Light: Scientists and Public Policy PDF

By Henry W. Kendall (auth.), Henry W. Kendall (eds.)

ISBN-10: 0387988335

ISBN-13: 9780387988337

ISBN-10: 1441985077

ISBN-13: 9781441985071

A number of essays through a Nobel Prize Laureate on quite a lot of severe matters dealing with the area, and the function of scientists in fixing those difficulties. Kendall has been heavily concerned with the Union of involved Scientists, a gaggle that started as an off-the-cuff assocation at MIT in 1969 to protest US involvement in Vietnam and is at the present time a firm with an annual finances exceeding $6 million, with 100,000 supporters all over the world. UCD is this day a voice of authority in US executive technology coverage, rather with reference to setting concerns, so much lately the global tasks on international warming. jointly, those essays signify either the sucessses and screw ups of technological know-how to affect public coverage, the demanding situations dealing with scientists, and gives useful directions for involvement in technology coverage. The essays are approximately chronological, equipped via topic with introductions, starting with the controversies on nuclear energy defense and 3 Mile Island,then by way of sections on nationwide safeguard concerns, worldwide environmental and source problems,and radioactive cleanup and different present matters. Kendall's Nobel Prize lecture in addition to a extra renowned model thereof is usually integrated (and is the single relatively technical fabric within the book). The pictures within the ebook are Kendall's, from an 1992 exhibition of his paintings. Henry Kendall was once presented the Nobel Prize in physics (jointly with J.I.Friedman and R.E. Taylor) in 1990 for his learn within the constitution of the proton and netron. In 1969, he used to be certainly one of a bunch of physicist who based the Union of involved Scientists (UCS) and is presently Chairman of its Board of Directors.

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Far more serious than this, however, is the possibility that only part or none of the emergency core coolant reaches any portion of the core. , a steam "bubble," which prevents the emergency core coolant from entering the core). In this event, part or perhaps all of the emergency core coolant will bypass the core and merely flow out the ruptured pipe. NUCLEAR REACfOR SAFETY: AN EVALUATION OF NEW EVIDENCE 33 A good experimental knowledge of both emergency core coolant flow starvation and bypass effects is required if the ability of emergency core cooling to prevent core meltdown is to be relied upon .

Some of the information needed to confirm convincingly 34 NUCLEAR POWER the adequacy of such systems, which are intended to arrest the course of hypothetical large primary system failures, is not yet available. (Quoted in Science, May 28, 1971, p. 191) Further comment on the basic lack of engineering data pertaining to ECCS reliability was made in February 1970 by the AEC Division of Reactor Development and Technology: If the primary coolant system fails at elevated temperature and pressure, there will inevitably be a loss of some fraction of the primary coolant by the blowdown, or depressurized process.

Atomic Energy Commission: Heavyreliancehas been placed on engineering safetyfeatures such as the ECCS, where technology is complex. . Some of the information needed to confirm convincingly the adequacy of such systems, which are intended to arrest the course of hypothetical large primary system failures, is not yet available. 1 These problems are a matter of serious concern, for nuclear power reactors are expected to play an increasingly important role in supplying electric power to the nation.

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A Distant Light: Scientists and Public Policy by Henry W. Kendall (auth.), Henry W. Kendall (eds.)

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